If you have a son or daughter who is autistic, having their eyes checked can be difficult because they may not be able to verbalize what they are seeing or be able to identify letters on a traditional eye chart. Fortunately, it is possible to create a custom eye chart for your child to use to test their eyesight. The guide below walks you through the process for using a custom eye chart to check your child’s vision.
Meet with the Eye Doctor
The first thing you need to do is to meet with the eye doctor and explain the situation to him or her. They will be able to let you know the scale the pictures need to be in for each line of the eye chart. This allows him or her to be able to determine if your child’s eyesight needs correction or not.
Create the Eye Chart
The next thing you need to do is to create the eye chart for your child. Be sure to choose images that you know your child can easily identify. Add the pictures to the chart in the scale the doctor explained to you. Have a key for your child to be able to point to when telling the doctor what they see on the eye chart.
Create Blacked Out Glasses
Holding anything over your child’s eye to block their vision of a single eye could cause your child to become very uncomfortable with the appointment. Purchase two sets of sunglasses and remove the left lens from one of the glasses and the right lens in the other set of glasses. Paint over the lenses that are left in the glasses with black paint until you can no longer see through them. This will block your child’s vision of one eye so that the eye doctor can properly evaluate the vision of each eye.
Have Your Child’s Eyes Examined
Finally, take the chart, key, blacked out glasses, and your child to the eye doctor. Stay with your child to help them feel more comfortable with everything that will take place during the exam. Help to explain things to your child in terms that they will understand during the appointment, if it seems like they are getting confused.
After the appointment is complete, the doctor should be able to let you know if your child has any vision issues that need to be addressed. Glasses can be made using plastic frames and plastic lenses to ensure that the glasses are durable enough to be able to stand up to anything your child may put them through. Eye doctors, like those at Envision Eyecare, can provide more information.
Cataracts are usually associated with older adults, but in some cases, children are born with the eye condition. Congenital cataracts can result from various factors, including infection, and might require treatment from an eye doctor. If your child has congenital cataracts, it is important to understand the causes and possible treatments.
What Causes Congenital Cataracts?
In most instances, congenital cataracts are the result of genetics. This is particularly true when cataracts are present in both eyes. Congenital cataracts can also be the result of infections that the mother suffered during pregnancy. The antibiotics used to treat those infections can lead to cataracts. Other possible causes include trauma, diabetes, and inflammation. Your child’s eye doctor can help to pinpoint the cause of the eye condition.
How Is It Treated?
The treatment your eye doctor recommends depends largely on the size of the cataracts. If the cataracts are small, it is possible that your child might not require medical intervention. It is possible for your child’s vision to continue to develop and he or she have no problems in the future.
However, if your child’s vision is hindered by the cataracts, surgery is recommended. How early the surgery is performed is dependent on the severity of your child’s condition. It is possible for surgery to be performed while your baby is still a newborn.
During the surgery, the affected lens is removed. Once it is removed, your child’s focusing power needs to be restored. There are several ways to do this, including the use of an intraocular or contact lens.
An intraocular lens is an artificial lens that is put in place of the affected lens. The lens might require adjustment or replacement in the future.
Some eye doctors recommend wearing eyeglasses due to the possibility that the intraocular or contact lens might not provide the focusing power needed for some children. If your doctor recommends glasses, they will need to be reassessed on an annual basis to determine if they need adjusting.
What Can You Do?
Following the surgery, there is a significant amount of aftercare that your child will need. Aftercare includes placing eye drops in your child’s eyes. The eye drops are necessary to prevent dry eyes, inflammation, and infection. Your doctor might recommend using the drops for a few months.
You also have to be vigilant about keeping irritants out of your child’s eyes until they have fully healed. Irritants, such as dirt and shampoo, can lead to infection. For more information, visit an eye doctor in your area like Bethany Vision Clinic.
If you are thinking about purchasing contact lenses, you should know how to use them correctly. Knowing these five things about contact lenses will help ensure that you are doing just that:
When you know these five things about contact lenses, you can be sure that you are wearing them both properly and safely.
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Pulling off accurate cosplay can be a difficult task, especially if you wear glasses. If you can’t wear contacts and have poor vision, stumbling around in costume isn’t appealing, but ruining the look of a great costume with a non-canon pair of glasses may not make you happy either. If you’ve got your heart set on cosplaying as a Sailor Moon character but you have to wear glasses, try these ideas to disguise your spectacles.
Sailor Mercury is the genius of the Sailor Guardians, but wearing glasses while wearing her costume would still look a bit odd. Thankfully, there’s another way you can hide your glasses.
One of Sailor Mercury’s special powers is her Mercury Goggle scanner that can identify enemy weaknesses. It takes the form of a blue visor that appears beneath her tiara and spans across the face from ear to ear. Her visor can easily hide a pair of glasses, especially if you have or buy a pair with thin or transparent frames.
Sailor Venus & Sailor Moon
Sailor Venus and Sailor Moon are often chosen by cosplayers because they’re both leaders and the original characters of their respective series, Sailor V and Sailor Moon. Cosplaying them with glasses may seem impossible, but it can be done with a little creativity.
In Sailor Venus’ debut appearance as Sailor V, she wore a red mask that helped to disguise her appearance, which looked like a cross between cat eye glasses and a masquerade mask. Sailor Moon also wore a white mask in her first appearance in the Sailor Moon manga.
It’s quite easy to disguise a pair of slim glasses under these masks. You can either just put the mask on directly over your glasses, or adhere them directly to the edges of your frames so that the mask stays snugly in place over your glasses. However, keep in mind that if you have a large pair of glasses, you may need to pick up a smaller frame from an optometrist, such as EyeCare About Vegas: Dr. R Dougal Morrison & Dr. Christopher Coker, to make this look work.
If all else fails, you can always cosplay as the Sailor Guardians in their day-to-day civilian forms. Whether you want to wear their school uniforms or their street clothes, many of the characters have worn glasses from time to time. Sailor Mercury’s civilian form, Ami, often wears glasses while she’s reading or studying. Sailor Moon’s civilian form, Usagi, has also worn glasses while in disguise.
In addition, there has even been a recent promotion for a special line of Sailor Moon glasses with all of the characters wearing glasses matching the colors of their Sailor Guardian uniforms, so you can choose just about any character and find a way to make the glasses work.
It’s admirable to want to stay faithful to a character’s appearance, but there’s no reason that you have to stumble around blindly to do it. Try these tips to make your costume look perfect and let yourself see clearly, too.
About 2.4 million eye injuries occur every year in America, and about one-third of these injuries are suffered by children. Sports are a major cause of eye injuries for children, so parents of athletic children need to be aware of the potential for injury. Corneal lacerations are one of the serious eye injuries that children can suffer; here are three things parents need to know about corneal lacerations.
What are corneal lacerations?
The cornea is the clear tissue that covers the front of the eye. Corneal lacerations are cuts or scrapes to the cornea. These lacerations may be either partial-thickness, meaning that they don’t cut right through the cornea, or full-thickness, meaning that the cornea is completely cut and the globe of the eye is ruptured.
These injuries are associated with severe pain. The injured eye may become blurred, the eye may water, and your child may complain that light hurts their eye. The eye may also bleed. To protect their eye from further damage, cover it with a clean paper or plastic cup and take them to an ophthalmologist immediately.
How are corneal lacerations treated?
First, the ophthalmologist will need to determine the severity of the laceration. To do this, they’ll paint the injured eye with dye and then examine it through a slit lamp. If the laceration is full thickness, aqueous will leak out of the eye and lighten the dye.
Once the diagnosis has been made, treatment can start. Small partial-thickness corneal lacerations can be treated with observation. The ophthalmologist will clean the wound and place a protective eye shield on top of the eye. Systemic painkillers or antibiotics may be given, if necessary.
If the laceration is large or full thickness, your child will need surgery to make sure the cornea heals properly. The wound will be carefully cleaned, and then the tissue will be stitched back together. Full-thickness lacerations pose a risk of endophthalmitis, a serious eye infection, so your child will receive several days of prophylactic antibiotics after their surgery.
Can corneal lacerations cause vision loss?
Corneal lacerations may leave scars on your child’s cornea. Scars on the cornea are not a cosmetic problem like scars on their skin. These scars can affect the way light enters their eye, which can lead to hazy and impaired vision. Fortunately, the vision loss caused by corneal scarring can be treated with a corneal transplant. Corneal transplants are harder to perform and less successful in kids than in adults, so your child’s ophthalmologist will recommend waiting until they’re older to do the procedure.
If your child injures their eye during sports, contact a business, such as the Nevada Institute Of Ophthalmology.
If your child failed the vision screening at his or her last physical, the pediatrician may suggest that you visit an optometrist for a full eye exam and possibly glasses. One of the things that you should think about when you get that first pair of glasses is a pair of prescription sunglasses, too. With the amount of time that kids spend outside, prescription sunglasses help to protect those sensitive eyes from the sun while still providing vision correction. Here’s a look at some of the things you should think about when you’re shopping for those first glasses.
Kids Can Be Hard On Stuff
Kids lead active lives, and that active schedule can often lead to wear and tear on belongings, clothing and other items. Glasses (and sunglasses) are no exception to this. When you are looking at frames, choose something that’s as durable as possible. Remember that your child will wear these glasses all the time, which means wearing them through every activity. For kids that are particularly active, this is no small consideration.
Choose a plastic frame that will hold up to the activity levels. Unlike wire or metal frames, plastic won’t bend. You’ll also want to make sure that the earpieces have hinges on them so that your child doesn’t accidentally break the frames by pulling on the ear pieces. Since kids are likely to swap glasses and sunglasses frequently, this is important to think about. Polycarbonate frames are a great investment, too. They are lightweight and can be coated to reduce the risk of scratches.
Kids Need Adjustable Frames
Since kids are still growing, you need to consider the adjustability of the frames. Opt for a style that you can adjust as your child grows. Having the ability to adjust the nose pads will make it easier to keep the glasses comfortably resting on the bridge of your child’s nose even as he or she starts to grow.
You’ll also want to be sure that the ear pieces are snug around the ears. This keeps them from slipping down over the bridge of the nose. The optometrist should be able to adjust those ear pieces as your child grows, too. That way they don’t pinch or get tight.
The right fit can make a big difference in how your child receives his or her first pair of glasses. With these tips, you can get both glasses and sunglasses that fit well and last at least until your child’s next exam. Talk with someone like Monroe Optical, Inc. for more fitting and style tips.
When you first got contact lenses, your eye doctor probably advised you never to wear them in the pool. If you’re like most patients, you may have shrugged off this advice, figuring that you’d just keep your head above water and be careful. Yet, it’s not uncommon for water to splash in your eyes even if you vow to keep your head above water. For this reason, you really should heed your doctor’s advice and remove your lenses before you climb in the pool. If you do get pool water in your eyes, you could suffer any of these consequences:
A little eye dryness might not seem like a big deal, but when you have contacts in and your eyes dry out, the contacts may actually scratch and irritate your corneas when you blink. Scratched corneas are very uncomfortable. You’ll have to avoid wearing your contacts for at least a few weeks, and you’ll probably need to use antibiotic drops to ensure you don’t develop an infection. Scratched corneas also make you sensitive to light, so you’ll have to wear dark glasses or stay inside until you heal.
Serious eye infections
Even though the pool should be chlorinated to kill bacteria and other pathogens, most pool water does contain some level of these organisms. There may not be enough bacteria to infect your skin, but the delicate tissues of your eyes are so much more susceptible to infection. When you wear contacts, the contacts trap any water that enters your eye against your eye for a longer period of time. This gives bacteria and other organisms more time to replicate and cause an infection. You could develop classic pink eye from Staph or Strep bacteria. You could also develop a serious infection called acanthamoeba keratitis, which is caused by a single-celled amoeba organism. Acanthamoeba keratitis causes intense eye pain, blurred vision, and the sensation that something is in your eye – and it can last for months.
Granted, this consequence is not as serious as the others on this list. However, nobody wants to lose a contact. One could easily be dislodged from your eye if you get splashed with water, and then you’ll have to use another one from your pack prematurely. You’ll end up having to spend more on contacts in the long run. Why not just take them out before you swim and avoid this extra cost?
Diabetic retinopathy is a dangerous eye disease secondary to diabetes. It will come on slowly, with few symptoms, but can result in a partial or total loss of vision. While not curable, the impact of this disease on your vision can be slowed down by starting treatment early. Here is how this eye disease can affect your vision and what can be done to slow down its progress.
Blood Vessels are Affected by Diabetes
Your diabetes affects blood vessels throughout your body. Diabetic retinopathy is the result of these affects on the blood vessels in your eyes. This eye disease comes in two forms:
Nonproliferative retinopathy – Blood vessels on the back of the eye become weak and start to leak fluid out onto the surface of the retina. As the fluid accumulates, it blocks out the amount of light reaching the retina. It also increases the pressure in the eye and on the retina. Objects begin to look blurry, and you’ll need more light to read. Eventually, gray shadows appear across your vision, followed by dark patches as the disease progresses.
Proliferative retinopathy – In later stages of diabetic retinopathy, new fragile blood vessels develop on the back of the eye. These produce scar tissue which accumulates on the retina. The scar tissue pulls on the retina which can cause it to detach from the eye. When this happens, you’ll have a partial or total loss of vision.
Treating Diabetic Retinopathy
Eye doctors, such as Webster Eye Care, can detect these weak blood vessels during a routine diabetic eye exam. Once discovered, treatment can be started to prevent further loss of vision and damage to the retina. Unfortunately, any current loss of vision can’t be restored, but further damage to your eyesight can be slowed down by treatment. The sooner this disease is diagnosed and treated, the less likely this disease will cause a major loss of vision.
Current treatment options include:
One of the biggest issues faced by contact lens wearers is an increased risk of eye infections. Since you are touching your eyes several times a day, and because the contact lenses restrict the airflow to your eye, you are at a greater risk of developing a bacterial infection than someone who does not wear contacts. Because this is the case, it’s essential that you know the signs of an infection, how to treat an infection, and how to prevent them.
Signs of an Eye Infection
When the eye infection is first developing, it may closely mimic the symptoms you develop if your eyes are a little dry or tired. They might just feel a bit scratchy, look a little pink, or be watering a bit more than normal. Within a day or so as the infection progresses, however, your symptoms become more severe. Your eyes become red or bright pink, they itch rather intensely, and they may begin to tear excessively or emit yellow-green discharge.
Treating an Eye Infection
It’s best to start treating an eye infection as soon as you notice the first bit of itching and start to think you might be coming down with one. This way, it might not even progress to the point of causing more severe discharge and redness. If you have signs of an impending eye infection (itching, tiredness, a touch of redness), take out your contacts (with clean hands, of course), and rinse your eyes out with mild eye drops or saline. Then, keep an eye on your symptoms. If they improve, just don’t wear your contacts for a few days, and when you do, switch to a new pair.
If your symptoms get worse after you take your contacts out, it’s time to call the eye doctor, because you have a full-blown eye infection. He or she will likely prescribe you antibiotic eye drops to use several times per day. Also, you’ll be instructed not to wear contacts for a while – probably at least 2 weeks.
Preventing an Eye Infection
Preventing eye infections comes down to basic hygiene and good contact care practices. Make sure you always:
Even with great hygiene, there is always a chance you could develop an infection. If you’re developing infections frequently, be sure to talk to your eye doctor. He or she may need to prescribe a contact lens that breathes better or fits your eye more loosely.
For professional eye care, contact a clinic such as Bass River Optometrics.
Contact lenses can take a good Halloween costume to the next level. Whether you’re a golden-eyed werewolf, a milky-eyed zombie, or a vampire with a bright red glare, cosmetic contact lenses will get you noticed. And you’re not limited to changing the color of your irises, either. There are contacts to give you pupils like a cat or a devilish goat; others will color your irises while turning the whites of your eyes black for a dramatic and otherworldly style.
But it would be a mistake to treat contact lenses as casually as the spray-in hair color or easy-to-remove greasepaint that many people use with their costumes. There are some important things you need to know before you plan on using contact lenses as part of your costume.
Set Up An Appointment With An Eye Doctor
Some people think that, if they don’t need glasses, they must be able to get “non-prescription” contacts without visiting an eye doctor (like those at Vision Eyeland Super Optical LLC). Others think that, if they already have a prescription for glasses, they can simply order contacts with the same prescription. This is a very bad idea; unlike glasses, contacts must be designed to the specific shape of your eyeballs, which means that getting contacts that fit properly takes a little more information than a regular eyeglass prescription.
Because it can take some time to get in to see an optometrist, it’s a good idea to set up an appointment as soon as you can. This will also give you a chance to get contacts early and practice wearing them so that you’re not fussing with your eyes while trying to be a dramatic Halloween monster.
Never Share Contact Lenses
Taking someone else’s Halloween costume and customizing it for your own use can be fun; taking someone else’s contacts as part of that costume is a big no-no. First of all, your eyes and their eyes won’t be the same shape, which means the contacts will likely irritate the eyes of the person they weren’t designed for. In addition, sharing contact lenses also means sharing germs, and the risk of getting an eye infection is high. Even if you think you’ve done a good job cleaning them, it’s not worth the danger—eye infections can lead to blindness.
If They Irritate You, Take Them Out
You might be thinking that, for just one evening, you can put up with some irritation; you’ll just wait until the end of the night to remove them. If they’re irritating you because they don’t fit properly or have torn, you may scratch your corneas, and the longer you keep them in, the more damage you’ll do.